The を particle
Mark direct objects and locations to pass/leaveNeed help?
Street, Moral, Journey
To leave, To exit
The を particle
The を (pronounced as お) particle has two main uses: to indicate the direct object of a sentence, and to mark a location to pass or leave.
In linguistic terms, an object is a noun or phrase that is affected by or involved in the action/event of a verb. In the sentence "I will eat fish", fish is a noun which is affected by the verb (eat) and is therefore an object. A direct object answers the question of "what" or "who" in a sentence. In the sentence above, fish is also the direct object of the sentence.
In English, a direct object comes after a verb. In the sentence "I will eat fish", the direct object (fish) comes after the verb (eat). In Japanese, a direct object comes instantly before the を particle and is followed by the verb. In the sentence "魚を食べます", the direct object (魚) comes before the verb (食べます). Let's take a look at some more examples below:
- I will watch the fireworks.
- I will eat fish.
- I will play soccer.
Locations to pass/leave
Another way to use the を particle is to mark a location to pass/leave.
Location to pass
- I will walk on a big road.
- I will run in the rain.
The particle を can be used to identify the physical location to pass such as in the first example sentence. を can also be used to express a continuing period of time such as in the second example.
Location to leave
- I will leave home.
- I will take a day off school.
The を particle is used to show a physical location to leave, such as a house. It can also be used to mark organisations to leave permanently or temporarily.