The で particle part 1

Mark a location of where an event takes place.

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Outline

KanjiVocabularyThe で particle part 1

Kanji

River, Stream

Swim

East

Capital

Play

Vocabulary

ニュース

News

River, Stream

泳ぐ

To swim

東京

Tokyo

遊ぶ

To play, To hang out

The で particle part 1

Location of where an event takes place

The particle can be used in a lot of ways. In this lesson and the following lesson, we will learn three different usages of the particle. Now let's start from one of the most common usages which is to identify the location of the action that takes place.

  • いえでニュースをます。
  • I watch news at home
  • 東京とうきょう友人ゆうじんいます。
  • I will see my friend in Tokyo
  • かわおよぎます。
  • I will swim in the river

Both the and particles have usages related to locations. The difference is that when expressing a sense of movement towards a location or expressing the existence or state of something, use . When explaining the location of where the event takes place, use .

  • かわきます。
  • Iwill go to the river
Moving towards the river → use
  • かわあそびます。
  • I will play in the river
The river is where the playing action takes place → use
  • 東京とうきょうあにがいます。
  • I have an older brother in Tokyo
Talking about the location of existence of the older brother → use
  • 東京とうきょう花火はなびます。
  • I will watch fireworks in Tokyo
Tokyo is where the event of watching fireworks occurs → use
Complete Lesson
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