The で particle part 2

Mark methods and range

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Outline

KanjiVocabularyThe で particle part 2

Kanji

Electricity

Talk, Tale

Car

Make, Production, Prepare

Ride, Multiplication

Vocabulary

よく

Often, Frequently, Nicely, Well

水泳

Swimming

Car, Vehicle, Automobile

作る

To make, To create

乗る

To get on, To take

電車

Train

電話

Phone call, Phone

話す

To talk, To speak, To tell

The で particle part 2

Method

In the previous lesson we learned that the particle is used to identify the location that an event occurs. In this lesson, we will learn two more usages of the particle.

The particle can be used to express methods, tools, materials, and ingredients. Here are some example sentences using the particle:

  • 友人ゆうじんくるまます。
  • My friend will come by car
  • 電話でんわ先生せんせいはなします。
  • I will talk to my teacher over the phone
  • こめでパンをつくります。
  • I will make bread with rice

The usage seems versatile but in general, the particle here is used when “using something” to perform an action.

Range

The particle can also be used to set the range of a statement.

  • スポーツでは水泳すいえいきです。
  • As for sports, I like swimming
  • アメリカでは英語えいごはなします。
  • People speak English in America
  • 兄弟きょうだいでよく電車でんしゃります。
  • I often take trains with my siblings

As the scope is often a topic of the sentence as well, the topic marker particle is often used with the particle for this usage.

Complete Lesson
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