Pointing words 3

Point to directions, locations, sides, choices, and people

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Outline

KanjiVocabularyPointing words 3

Kanji

Direction, Person

Drawing, Map, Plan

Write

Vocabulary

こっち

This way, This person, This direction, This one

そっち

That way, There, That person, That one

あっち

That way, Over there, That person, That one

こちら

This way, This person, This direction, This one

そちら

That way, There, That person, That one

あちら

That way, Over there, That person, That one

Direction, Side, Way, Person

図書館

Library

Pointing words 3

Pointing to a direction

In this lesson, we will learn two more sets of pointing words: こっち, そっち, あっち, どっち and こちら, そちら, あちら, どちら.

As we learned in the previous pointing words lesson, the first character of each pointing word (こ, そ, あ, ど) defines the distance between the speaker, the listener, and the item which you are pointing to. This is shown in the table below:

First characterDistance
Item is close to the speaker
Item is close to the listener
Item is far away from both the listener and the speaker
The distance to the item is unknown

While the first set (こっち, そっち, あっち, どっち) of pointing words is more casual than the second set (こちら, そちら, あちら, どちら), both are used to point out directions, locations, sides, choices, and people.

Location

  • 図書館としょかんはこっちです。
  • The library is this way.

Direction

  • スーパーはあちらのほうです。
  • The supermarket is that direction.

Sides/choices

  • そっちのほうがやすいです。
  • That one is cheaper.
  • どっちのほうがいですか?
  • Which is better?

People

  • こちらはグリーンさんです。
  • This is Ms. Green.

The pointing words ここ, そこ, あそこ, どこ are also used to point to locations. The こちら group is the most polite, then the ここ group and then the こっち group which is the least polite form. Since the こちら and こっち groups are used to indicate directions as well, they include the sense of direction even when just pointing a location. Whereas the ここ group does not have a sense of direction, and it’s more like this exact location is something.

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