From and to

Mark a place to depart or the time that something starts with から, and mark a place or a time limit of an action with まで

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Outline

KanjiVocabularyFrom and to

Kanji

Company, Office, Shrine

Homecoming, Result in

Week

End, Close

Wait, Depend on

Vocabulary

会社

Company, Corporation

帰る

To go home, To come home, To return, To go back

来週

Next week

週末

Weekend

待つ

To wait, To await

月末

End of the month

外国

Foreign country

From and to

In this lesson, we will learn how to use the particles から and まで. The particle から can be used immediately after a place to depart or the time that something starts. から is often translated to “from” in English. The particle まで can be used immediately after a place to arrive or a time limit of an action. The particle is often translated to “to” or “until” in English.

から

  • 会社かいしゃからいえかえります。
  • I will go back home from my office.
  • 午後ごご三時さんじから映画えいがます。
  • I will watch a movie from 3 pm.
  • 来週らいしゅうから外国がいこくきます。
  • I will go to a foreign country from next week onwards.

まで

  • 会社かいしゃまでバスできます。
  • I will go to the office by bus.
  • 午前ごぜん十時じゅうじまで勉強べんきょうします。
  • I will study until 10 am.
  • わたしいもうと週末しゅうまつまで東京とうきょうにいます。
  • My younger sister will be in Tokyo until this weekend.

Advanced から

In this lesson we learned that から can be used as "because". The difference between the two is that the から here, which means “from”, comes immediately after a place or time. Whereas the から which means “because”, can come after any type of word or sentence. When it comes after a noun, it takes the form だから.

  • 東京とうきょうだから、美味おいしいものがたくさんあります。
  • Because it’s Tokyo, there is a lot of delicious food.
  • 東京とうきょうからいえかえります。
  • I will come back home from Tokyo.

Advanced まで

In this lesson we learned that the particle , which is used to identify the time that an event takes place, is often used with まで to form までに. The identifies one point in time and the まで identifies the continuing duration up to the end. The までに identifies any one point in time () before the end (まで). Here are some examples:

Time expressed with に

  • 3学校がっこうきます。
  • I will go to school at 3 o’clock.
  • 月末げつまつ中国ちゅうごくからかえります。
  • I will return from China at the end of the month.

Time expressed with まで

  • 3まで花子はなこさんをちました。
  • I waited for Hanako until 3 o’clock.
  • 月末げつまつまで外国がいこくにいます。
  • I will be in a foreign country until the end of the month.

Time expressed with までに

  • 3までに花子はなこさんがました。
  • Hanako came before 3 o'clock.
  • 月末げつまつまでに中国ちゅうごくからかえります。
  • I will return from China before the end of the month.
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