Purpose of movement

Express the purpose of movement by using に

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Outline

KanjiVocabularyPurpose of movement

Kanji

Meal, Cooked rice

Clothing, Obey

Copy, Describe

True, Reality

Take pictures, Snapshot

Vocabulary

デパート

Department store

アパート

Apartment

花見

Cherry blossom viewing, Flower viewing

買い物

Shopping

ご飯

Cooked rice, Meal

Clothes

写真

Photo, Photograph, Picture

撮る

To take, To record

Purpose of movement

Purpose of movement

In this lesson, we learned that the particle works to identify the destination of movement as shown below:

  • デパートにきます。
  • I will go to the department store.
  • アパートにかえります。
  • I will go back to my apartment.

Similarly to that, we will learn a new usage of the particle which is to identify the purpose of movement. Here are some examples:

  • ものかけます。
  • I will go out for some shopping.
  • 友達ともだち花見はなみきます。
  • I will go to cherry blossom viewing with my friends.

When the purpose of the movement is an action, the stem of the verb comes before the particle. The example sentences below show verbs as the purpose of movement:

  • ふくいにきました。
  • I went to buy some clothes.
  • はんべにかえります。
  • I will go back to eat a meal.
  • 写真しゃしんりにました。
  • I came to take some photos.

As the purpose of the movement is often involved with the destination of the movement, the particle could appear multiple times in one sentence:

  • デパートにふくいにきました。
  • I went to a department store to buy some clothes.
  • アパートにごはんべにかえります。
  • I will go back to my apartment to eat a meal.
  • うみ写真しゃしんりにました。
  • I came to the sea to take some photos.
Complete Lesson
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