Invitation and suggestion 2

Continues on from the previous two lessons and learn how to use them together

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Outline

KanjiVocabularyInvitation and suggestion 2

Kanji

Few, Little

Next, Order, Sequence

Song, Sing

Wash

Laundry, Wash, Rinse

Vocabulary

デート

Date, Outing

もう

Now, Soon, Already, Yet

少し

Little, Few, Small quantity

休み

Absence, Holiday, Rest

Next, Following

Song, Singing

歌う

To sing

洗濯

Washing, Laundry

Invitation and suggestion 2

よう

In this lesson we will learn the plain form of ましょう, which is よう. It has the same functionality as ましょう, which is:

  • To suggest for someone do something together
  • To express the speaker’s intention to do something

First, let’s look at the conjugation patterns of よう. る-verbs always conjugate to NCP + よう and う-verbs always conjugate to NCP + おう.

NCPよう form
る-verbs
べる食べ食べよう
見よう
かける出かけ出かけよう
う-verbs
ik行こう
あそasob遊ぼう
うたuta歌おう
Irregular verbs
する-しよう
-よう

Suggesting something

When using よう to express a suggestion to do something together, it is often translated to “let’s”.

  • うたうたおう。
  • Let's sing a song.
  • 一緒いっしょ料理りょうりをしよう。
  • Let's cook together.

Expressing the speaker’s intention

When using よう by itself to express the speaker’s intention, it sounds as though the speaker is talking to themselves. The quotation form おも is usually added after よう to tell others the speaker’s intention, which becomes ようとおも and ようとおもいます.

When talking to yourself
  • 洗濯せんたくをしよう。
  • I am going to do the laundry.
  • 午後ごごからものこう。
  • I am going to go shopping in the afternoon.

The sentences above could also be used to mean "let's" depending on the context and intonation. If someone says 午後ごごからものこう? with a higher intonation towards the end, they're likely to be asking someone to go shopping together.

When telling someone your intention
  • Q: かえりませんか?
  • Q: Won’t you come home with me?
  • A: もうすこ勉強べんきょうしようとおもいます。
  • A: I am going to study a bit more.
  • Q: つぎやすみはなにをしますか?
  • Q: What will you do on your next day off?
  • A: 彼女かのじょとデートしようとおもいます。
  • A: I am thinking about going on a date with my girlfriend.

と思う recap

When the speaker is expressing their judgment, a verb before おも takes the dictionary form. When they are expressing their intention, the verb before おも takes the よう form.

Expressing judgment
  • ケンさんは明日あした勉強べんきょうするとおもう。
  • I think Ken will study tomorrow as well.
  • 彼女かのじょはたらくとおもう。
  • I think she will work.
Expressing the speaker’s intention
  • 明日あした勉強べんきょうしようとおもう。
  • I am going to study tomorrow.
  • はたらこうとおもう。
  • I am going to work.
Complete Lesson
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