The や particle: and

List some items from larger options

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Outline

KanjiVocabularyThe や particle: and

Kanji

Thing, Object

Sell

Vocabulary

小学生

Primary school student, Elementary school student

大学生

University student, College student

飲み物

Drink, Beverage

食べ物

Food

売る

To sell

休日

Holiday, Day off

The や particle: and

In this lesson we learned how to use the particle to list multiple nouns together:

  • ものもの
  • Food and drinks

In this module, we will learn the particle which has a very similar use. The particle can also be used to list multiple nouns together. The difference is that when the particle is used, there are potentially other options besides the ones listed. Whereas the particle is used to list all options. Here are some examples:

  • ここに小学生しょうがくせい大学生だいがくせいがいます。
  • There are primary school students and university students here (and potentially other types of students)
  • ものものります。
  • I sell food and drinks (and potentially other goods)
  • 休日きゅうじつはよく映画館えいがかんやプールにきます。
  • I often go to the movie theatre and pool on a day off (and potentially other places)

The particle can be used to list more than two items, and it is still implies that there are more potential options besides the listed ones.

  • さけみずやおちゃります。
  • We sell alcohol, water and tea (and potentially other goods)

Just like the particle, as it is repetitive to add multiple times, sometimes is omitted after the first one: さけみず、おちゃります.

Complete Lesson
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